A. They contain older stars and less gas and dust.
There are three types of galaxies:
- elliptical galaxies
- spiral galaxies
- lenticular galaxies
Elliptical galaxies are galaxies shaped like an ellipse, while spiral galaxies consist of a flat, rotating disk that contains stars, gas, and dust, and a central concentration of stars called the bulge.
The difference between elliptical and spiral galaxies is in the amount of gas and dust they contain. Spiral galaxies contain large amounts of gas and dust, which means that new stars are born very often. This makes them brighter than relatively dim elliptical galaxies, which contain less gas and dust. This is why fewer new and brighter stars are born in elliptical galaxies, leaving them with older, dimmer stars.