Parenting

Super Tips Belajar Efektif! Siswa Silahkan Baca . . .

Super Tips Belajar Efektif! Siswa Silahkan Baca . . . 1

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%201.%20Bagaimana%20Pandangan%20kamu%20terhadap%20Kegiatan%20Belajar

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%20Banyak%20sekali%20orang%20yang%20menganggap%20(pola%20fikir)%20bahwa%20belajar%20sebagai%20sesuatu%20yang%20teramat%20sangat%20penting,%20pasti%20melelahkan%20dan%20menyiksa%20,%20bukan%20dianggap%20sebagai%20kenikmatan%20atau%20kesempatan%20dalam%20belajar.%20Ya%20itu%20tidak%20masalah%20sih,%20namun%20para%20peneliti%20telah%20menemukan%20bahwa%20bagaimana%20pandangan%20kamu%20terhadap%20suatu%20hal%20maka%20akan%20hampir%20sama%20seperti%20apa%20yang%20kamu%20lakukan,%20″anda%20berfikir%20tersiksa%20ya%20pasti%20belajar%20akan%20terasa%20tersiksa”.%20Berada%20di%20pola%20pikir%20yang%20tepat%20adalah%20hal%20yang%20penting%20supaya%20belajar%20kamu%20lebih%20efektif%20dan%20cerdas.%20%20%20Terkadang%20kamu%20tidak%20dapat%20″melawan”%20diri%20kamu%20sendiri%20untuk%20bisa%20berada%20di%20pola%20fikir%20yang%20benar%20dan%20ini%20adalah%20waktu%20yang%20sangat%20tidak%20tepat%20untuk%20dipergunakan%20untuk%20kegiatan%20belajar.%20bila%20kamu%20terganggu%20akibat%20masalah%20hubungan,%20ada%20game%20baru%20yang%20sangat%20menarik%20atau%20harus%20menyelesaikan%20urusan%20organisasi,%20maka%20memaksakan%20untuk%20belajar%20hanya%20akan%20menjadi%20latihan%20yang%20menimbulkan%20kesengsaraan%20dan%20keprustasian.%20Fikirannya%20pasti%20tidak%20bisa%20konsen%20dan%20akan%20terfokus%20ke%20yang%20lain,%20bukan%20ke%20belajarnya%20sendiri.%20bila%20ini%20terjadi%20lebih%20baik%20kerjakan%20dulu%20yang%20menjadi%20permasalahan%20kamu,%20apabila%20sudah%20selesai%20silahkan%20mulai%20lagi%20untuk%20belajar.%20%20Cara%20supaya%20pola%20fikir%20kamu%20terhadap%20belajar%20menjadi%20lebih%20baik%20dan%20positif:%20

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  • Cobalah%20untuk%20berfikir%20positif%20saat%20belajar%20dan%20ingatkan%20diri%20sendiri%20akan%20kemampuan%20dan%20keterampilan%20yang%20dimiliki.
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  • Hindari%20pemikiran%20yang%20melemahkan%20hati.%20Seperti%20berfikir,%20″Aku%20Hancurr,%20saya%20sudah%20tidak%20punya%20waktu%20lagi%20untuk%20belajar!”,%20lebih%20baik%20ganti%20pemikiran%20seperti%20ini%20dengan,%20″Mungkin%20saya%20sedikit%20terlambat%20dalam%20belajar,%20tetapi%20paling%20tidak%20saya%20sudah%20mulai%20belajar%20dan%20akan%20mendapatkan%20ilmu%20yang%20pastinya%20bermanfaat%20bagiku”
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  • Hindari%20pemikiran%20mutlak.%20Daripada%20berpikir%20“Aku%20selalu%20mengacaukan%20segalanya,”%20pandangan%20yang%20lebih%20objektif%20adalah,%20“Saya%20tidak%20melakukannya%20dengan%20baik%20saat%20itu,%20bagaimana%20ya%20caranya%20supaya%20saya%20bisa%20memperbaiki%20hal%20tersebut?”
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  • Hindari%20membandingkan%20diri%20kamu%20dengan%20orang%20lain,%20karena%20Anda%20biasanya%20hanya%20berfikir%20keburukan%20yang%20kamu%20miliki%20saja.
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%20Baca%20Juga:%20Nasehat%20untuk%20Siswa%20yang%20Menganggap%20Mata%20Pelajaran%20kamu%20Sulit%20

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%20%202.%20Di%20mana%20Anda%20belajar?

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%20%20%20Banyak%20orang%20membuat%20kesalahan%20dengan%20belajar%20di%20tempat%20yang%20benar-benar%20tidak%20kondusif%20untuk%20berkonsentrasi.%20Sebuah%20tempat%20dengan%20banyak%20gangguan%20membuat%20kualitas%20belajar%20kamu%20menjadi%20teramat%20buruk.%20Jika%20kamu%20mencoba%20belajar%20di%20kamar%20kos%20yang%20banyak%20teman%20lagi%20ngobrol,%20Anda%20pasti%20akan%20terganggu%20konsentrasinya%20bahkan%20mungkin%20akan%20lebih%20tertarik%20untuk%20ikut%20nimbrung%20daripada%20membaca%20buku.%20%20Perpustakaan,%20ruang%20belajar,%20atau%20tempat%20yang%20asri%20nan%20tenang%20adalah%20tempat%20yang%20baik%20untuk%20belajar.%20Pastikan%20untuk%20memilih%20tempat%20yang%20tenang,%20tidak%20bising%20dan%20jauh%20dari%20keramian.%20Selidiki%20beberapa%20tempat%20di%20sekolah%20dan%20di%20luar%20sekolah,%20tapi%20ingat%20jangan%20tempat%20yang%20terkategorikan%20“cukup”.%20Tapi%20cari%20yang%20benar-benar%20nyaman%20dan%20ideal.%20Menemukan%20tempat%20belajar%20yang%20ideal%20adalah%20penting,%20karena%20itu%20salah%20satu%20cara%20supaya%20kamu%20bisa%20belajar%20secara%20lebih%20efektif%20dan%20bisa%20menjadi%20kamulan%20tempat%20untuk%20belajar%20dilalu%20hari.

%20%203.%20Bawa%20semua%20yang%20kamu%20butuhkan,%20yang%20tidak%20penting%20jangan!

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%20%20Sayangnya,%20%20ketika%20kamu%20menemukan%20tempat%20yang%20ideal%20untuk%20belajar,%20kadang-kadang%20mereka%20membawa%20hal-hal%20yang%20tidak%20dibutuhkan.%20Sebagai%20%20contoh,%20kita%20beranggapan%20bahwa%20laptop%20adalah%20alat%20yang%20sangat%20penting%20dan%20harus%20dibawa%20kemanapun,%20tapi%20sadar%20atau%20tidak%20laptop%20adalah%20%20gangguan%20yang%20kuat%20dan%20hebat%20bagi%20banyak%20orang%20karena%20mereka%20dapat%20melakukan%20%20banyak%20hal%20dengannya.%20Bermain%20%20game,%20facebook-an,%20chating-an%20adalah%20gangguan%20yang%20nampak%20indah%20dan%20sangat%20tidak%20ada%20hubungannya%20dengan%20belajar.%20Jadi%20tanyakan%20pada%20diri%20kamu%20apakah%20kamu%20benar-benar%20membutuhkan%20laptop%20untuk%20kegiatan%20belajar%20kamu? 

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%20%20Jangan%20lupa%20untuk%20membawa%20alat-alat%20yang%20sekiranya%20sangat%20dibutuhkan,%20khususnya%20saat%20berada%20dikelas%20pembelajaran.%20Terlebih%20lagi%20saat%20ulangan.%20Tidak%20%20ada%20yang%20lebih%20memakan%20waktu%20dan%20boros%20daripada%20harus%20berjalan%20%20bolak-balik,%20tanya%20sana%20tanya%20situ,%20hendak%20meminjam%20pensil%20untuk%20mengerjakan%20soal.%20Selain%20membuat%20diri%20tersiksa,%20ini%20jelas%20akan%20menghambat%20kesuksesannya%20dalam%20belajar.%20

%20%205.%20Menulis%20Ulang%20Catatan

%20%20Kebanyakan%20%20orang%20menulis%20garis%20besar%20yang%20sama%20persis%20dengan%20orang%20lain%20akan%20membantu%20mereka%20menyerap%20informasi%20secara%20lengkap%20dan%20mendasar.%20Mereka%20beranggapan%20dengan%20menghubungkan%20konsep%20serupa%20secara%20bersama-sama%20akan%20menjadikan%20konsep%20menjadi%20lebih%20mudah%20diingat.%20Hal%20yang%20perlu%20diingat%20dalam%20menulis%20garis%20besar%20adalah%20bahwa%20garis%20%20besar%20hanya%20sebuah%20runtuyan%20kata-kata%20sebagai%20sarana%20belajar.%20Setiap%20%20orang%20memliki%20cara%20berfikir%20yang%20unik%20dan%20berbeda%20dalam%20cara%20mereka%20menempatkan%20informasi%20(disebut%20″chunking”%20oleh%20psikolog%20kognitif).%20Jadi%20%20saat%20kamu%20sedang%20menyalin%20catatan%20atau%20garis%20besar%20orang%20lain,%20%20pastikan%20kamu%20menerjemahkan%20catatan%20tersebut%20dan%20menguraikan%20dalam%20%20kata-kata%20kamu%20sendiri.%20Gagal%20melakukan%20hal%20ini%20akan%20menyebabkan%20banyak%20siswa%20kesulitan%20dalam%20mengingat%20konsep%20penting.

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%20%20Menulis%20ulang%20catatan%20pasti%20akan%20memaksa%20pelakunya%20untuk%20menggunakan%20indra%20yang%20dimilikinya,%20dengan%20melibatkan%20indra%20tersebut%20akan%20sangat%20membantu%20dalam%20kemudahan%20menyerap%20informasi.%20Itulah%20kenapa%20kegiatan%20menuis%20ini%20ditempatkan%20di%20posisi%20pertama,%20setidaknya%20ini%20akan%20menjadikan%20infromasi%20yang%20didapat%20diubah%20menjadi%20dalam%20bentuk%20kalimat%20dan%20akhirnya%20membuat%20para%20siswa%20faham.%20Mengucapkan%20kata-kata%20berisi%20informasi%20dan%20meludahkannya%20ke%20dalam%20lembaran%20kertas%20akan%20menjadi%20metode%20yang%20sangat%20baik%20untuk%20diterapkan.

%20%205.%20Gunakan%20Memory%20Games

%20%20Game%20memori%20merupakan%20metode%20untuk%20mengingat%20potongan%20informasi%20dengan%20memanfaatkan%20hubungan%20kata-kata%20yang%20bersifat%20umum.%20Kebanyakan%20orang%20yang%20mempergunakan%20metode%20ini%20membuat%20sebuah%20kalimat%20yang%20aneh%20namun%20mudah%20diingat.%20Contoh%20paling%20mudah%20adalah%20pada%20saat%20seorang%20siswa%20ingin%20mengingat%20unsur-unsur%20pada%20suatu%20golongan%20kimia,%20misalkan%20golongan%20pertama,%20yang%20terdiri%20atas%20:%20H,%20Li,%20Na,%20K,%20Rb,%20Cs,%20Fr.%20Dengan%20menggunakan%20memory%20games%20maka%20akan%20dihasilkan,%20:%20HerLiNa%20Kawin%20Roberto%20Carlos%20Frustasi.%20Cara%20ini%20bisa%20juga%20dibarengi%20dengan%20musik%20latar%20yang%20akan%20membuat%20kegiatan%20menghafal%20menjadi%20lebih%20menyenangkan.

%20%20

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%20%206.%20Praktek%20sendiri%20atau%20dengan%20teman-teman

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%20%20Pepatah%20lama%20mengatakan,%20″PRACTICE%20MAKE%20PERPECT”,%20Praktek%20akan%20menjadikan%20luar%20biasa.%20bila%20kamu%20ingin%20menjadikan%20belajar%20menjadi%20efektif%20dan%20maksimal%20perbanyaklah%20praktik,%20sendiri%20pun%20tidak%20mengapa.%20kamu%20dapat%20melatih%20kemampuan%20kamu%20dengan%20mengerjakan%20soal-soal,%20melatih%20diri%20dengan%20flash%20card%20(jika%20memungkinkan)%20dan%20lain%20sebagainya.%20Dengan%20banyak%20berlatih%20maka%20akan%20membuat%20kamu%20semakin%20terasah%20dalam%20memahami%20materi%20dan%20pastinya%20mahir%20dalam%20mengerjakan%20berbagai%20jenis%20tes.%20 

%20%20Beberapa%20orang%20sangat%20senang%20melakukan%20kegiatan%20belajar%20dalam%20bentuk%20kerja%20kelompok.%20Metode%20belajar%20seperti%20ini%20akan%20maksimal%20ketika%20anggotanya%20tidak%20terlalu%20banyak%20(sekitar%204%20atau%205%20orang%20),%20dengan%20anggota-anggota%20dari%20bakat%20akademik%20yang%20sama%20dan%20kelas%20yang%20sama.%20Dalam%20kerja%20kelompok%20para%20anggotanya%20akan%20membahas%20suatu%20tema%20secara%20bersama-sama,%20bertanya%20antara%20satu%20teman%20dengan%20teman%20yang%20lainnya%20bila%20ada%20sesuatu%20yang%20dikira%20sulit.%20Kerja%20kelompok%20bisa%20saja%20efektif%20bagi%20beberapa%20siswa,%20namun%20tidak%20semua.

%20%207.%20Buat%20Agenda%20Belajar

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%20%20bila%20kamu%20lebih%20suka%20belajar%20secara%20berkelompok%20maka%20penjadwalan%20merupakan%20hal%20yang%20sangat%20penting.%20Jika%20hanya%20setengah%20dari%20anggota%20kamu%20yang%20berkomitmen%20untuk%20mematuhi%20jadwal%20belajar,%20maka%20kamu%20perlu%20mencari%20anggota%20kelompok%20studi%20lain%20yang%20memiliki%20komitmen%20dalam%20mematuhi%20jadwal%20belajar%20berkelompok.

%20%208.%20Berikan%20Rewards%20terhadap%20diri%20sendiri 

%20%20Karena%20begitu%20banyak%20orang%20yang%20memandang%20belajar%20sebagai%20tugas%20dan%20hal%20yang%20pasti%20melelahkan,%20kebanyakan%20manusia%20akhirnya%20menghindarinya.%20Namun,%20bila%20mereka%20diiming-imingi%20sebuah%20rewards,%20kemalasan%20mereka%20akan%20sirna%20dan%20akan%20tumbuh%20semangat%20lagi%20untuk%20belajar.%20Ini%20bisa%20saja%20menjadi%20sesuatu%20yang%20positif%20bila%20dilakukan%20secara%20bijak%20dan%20benar.

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%20%20Saya%20ingin%20bertanya%20kepada%20kamu%20selaku%20siswa,%20apa%20yang%20kamu%20rasakan%20bila%20belajar%204%20jam%20non%20stop%20di%20Rumah%20untuk%20mempelajari%20suatu%20materi?%20Pasti%20menyiksa%20bukan.%20Cobalah%20kamu%20bagi%20waktu%20tersebut%20menjadi%20sesuatu%20yang%20meringankan.%20Misalkan%20setiap%20jam%20beristirahat%20dan%20dibarengi%20dengan%20cemilan%20yang%20setidaknya%20mampu%20merefreshkan%20otak.%20Terus%20lakukan%20ini%20sampai%204%20jam%20belajar%20terpenuhi.%20Tapi%20ingat,%204%20jam%20ini%20kamu%20harus%20berhasil%20memperlajari%20satu%20materi%20yang%20sekiranya%20bisa%20masuk%20di%20akal%20untuk%20dipelajari%20dengan%20waktu%20tersebut.

%20%20%20

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%20%209.%20Hiduplah%20Seimbang

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%20%2010.%20Tahu%20Harapan%20Guru%20terhadap%20Siswa

%20%20Setiap%20guru%20memiki%20cara%20pandang%20tersendiri%20terhadap%20siswanya.%20bila%20seorang%20guru%20berharap%20A,%20maka%20guru%20yang%20lain%20bisa%20saja%20berharap%20B%20terhadap%20muridnya.%20Karena%20kita%20tahu%20sendri%20beda%20guru%20berarti%20beda%20juga%20pelajaran,%20yang%20didalamnya%20melibatkan%20pula%20tingkat%20kesukaran%20materi. %20Nah%20hal%20yang%20perlu%20dilakukan%20oleh%20seorang%20murid%20adalah%20mengetahui%20harapan%20serta%20ekpektasi%20dari%20guru%20pengajarnya.%20Bagaimana%20caranya?%20kamu%20bisa%20langsung%20ngobrol%20atau%20bertanya%20berkaitan%20dengan%20materi,%20lebih%20baiknya%20sebelum%20pertemuan%20dimulai.%20Artinya%20kamu%20sudah%20belajar%20lebih%20dulu%20dan%20tahu%20bahwa%20materi%20tersebut%20diperkirakan%20sulit.

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%20%20Nah%20pada%20saat%20pembelajaran%20berlangsung,%20perhatikan%20dan%20catat%20dengan%20seksama%20apa%20yang%20dijelaskan%20oleh%20guru.%20Jangan%20sebatas%20apa%20yang%20ditulis%20di%20dalam%20papan%20tulis%20saja,%20melainkan%20ucapan-ucapan%20yang%20diterangkannya%20pun%20harus%20kamu%20cerna.%20bila%20kamu%20melupkan%20ini,%20sungguh%20kerugian%20besar%20bagi%20kamu.%20Tidak%20sedikit%20guru%20yang%20menjadikan%20hal%20tersebut%20sebagai%20bahan%20ulangan,%20lha%20misal%20kamu%20tidak%20mencatatnya%20bagaimana?%20Ya%20kamu%20cuman%20bisa%20melongo%20saja. 

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%20%20Dengan%20kamu%20mengetahui%20harapan%20guru,%20kamu%20tahu%20tujuan%20dari%20materi%20yang%20disampaikan.%20Dengan%20kamu%20tahu%20tujuan%20materi,%20kamu%20akan%20lebih%20mudah%20dalam%20mempelajarinya%20dan%20tentu%20akan%20menjadikan%20kegiatan%20belajar%20kamu%20menjadi%20lebih%20efektif.

%20%20— %20

%20%20Source: %20

%20%20http://psychcentral.com

%20%20

%20%20Grohol,%20J.%20(2013).%2010%20Highly%20Effective%20Study%20Habits.%20Psych%20Central.%20Retrieved%20on%20December%2031,%202015,%20from%20http://psychcentral.com/lib/top-10-most-effective-study-habits/%20

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